How to get the type of T from a member of a generic class or method?


Question

Let say I have a generic member in a class or method, so:

public class Foo<T>
{
    public List<T> Bar { get; set; }

    public void Baz()
    {
        // get type of T
    }   
}

When I instantiate the class, the T becomes MyTypeObject1, so the class has a generic list property: List<MyTypeObject1>. The same applies to a generic method in a non-generic class:

public class Foo
{
    public void Bar<T>()
    {
        var baz = new List<T>();

        // get type of T
    }
}

I would like to know, what type of objects the list of my class contains. So the list property called Bar or the local variable baz, contains what type of T?

I cannot do Bar[0].GetType(), because the list might contain zero elements. How can I do it?

2
629
1/20/2017 2:23:08 PM

Accepted Answer

If I understand correctly, your list has the same type parameter as the container class itself. If this is the case, then:

Type typeParameterType = typeof(T);

If you are in the lucky situation of having object as a type parameter, see Marc's answer.

641
6/19/2017 12:27:21 PM

Exper Answer

(note: I'm assuming that all you know is object or IList or similar, and that the list could be any type at runtime)

If you know it is a List<T>, then:

Type type = abc.GetType().GetGenericArguments()[0];

Another option is to look at the indexer:

Type type = abc.GetType().GetProperty("Item").PropertyType;

Using new TypeInfo:

using System.Reflection;
// ...
var type = abc.GetType().GetTypeInfo().GenericTypeArguments[0];
502
12/29/2014 10:29:14 PM

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