Predicate Delegates in C#


Question

Can you explain to me:

  • What is a Predicate Delegate?
  • Where should we use predicates?
  • Any best practices when using predicates?

Descriptive source code will be appreciated.

1
251
1/11/2019 4:25:21 PM

Accepted Answer

A predicate is a function that returns true or false. A predicate delegate is a reference to a predicate.

So basically a predicate delegate is a reference to a function that returns true or false. Predicates are very useful for filtering a list of values - here is an example.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        List<int> list = new List<int> { 1, 2, 3 };

        Predicate<int> predicate = new Predicate<int>(greaterThanTwo);

        List<int> newList = list.FindAll(predicate);
    }

    static bool greaterThanTwo(int arg)
    {
        return arg > 2;
    }
}

Now if you are using C# 3 you can use a lambda to represent the predicate in a cleaner fashion:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        List<int> list = new List<int> { 1, 2, 3 };

        List<int> newList = list.FindAll(i => i > 2);
    }
}
316
2/17/2009 11:45:55 AM

Leading on from Andrew's answer with regards to c#2 and c#3 ... you can also do them inline for a one off search function (see below).

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        List<int> list = new List<int> { 1, 2, 3 };

        List<int> newList = list.FindAll(delegate(int arg)
                           {
                               return arg> 2;
                           });
    }
}

Hope this helps.


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