How do I suspend painting for a control and its children?


Question

I have a control which I have to make large modifications to. I'd like to completely prevent it from redrawing while I do that - SuspendLayout and ResumeLayout aren't enough. How do I suspend painting for a control and its children?

1
178
1/28/2009 1:46:34 PM

Accepted Answer

At my previous job we struggled with getting our rich UI app to paint instantly and smoothly. We were using standard .Net controls, custom controls and devexpress controls.

After a lot of googling and reflector usage I came across the WM_SETREDRAW win32 message. This really stops controls drawing whilst you update them and can be applied, IIRC to the parent/containing panel.

This is a very very simple class demonstrating how to use this message:

class DrawingControl
{
    [DllImport("user32.dll")]
    public static extern int SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, Int32 wMsg, bool wParam, Int32 lParam);

    private const int WM_SETREDRAW = 11; 

    public static void SuspendDrawing( Control parent )
    {
        SendMessage(parent.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, false, 0);
    }

    public static void ResumeDrawing( Control parent )
    {
        SendMessage(parent.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, true, 0);
        parent.Refresh();
    }
}

There are fuller discussions on this - google for C# and WM_SETREDRAW, e.g.

C# Jitter

Suspending Layouts

And to whom it may concern, this is similar example in VB:

Public Module Extensions
    <DllImport("user32.dll")>
    Private Function SendMessage(ByVal hWnd As IntPtr, ByVal Msg As Integer, ByVal wParam As Boolean, ByVal lParam As IntPtr) As Integer
    End Function

    Private Const WM_SETREDRAW As Integer = 11

    ' Extension methods for Control
    <Extension()>
    Public Sub ResumeDrawing(ByVal Target As Control, ByVal Redraw As Boolean)
        SendMessage(Target.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, True, 0)
        If Redraw Then
            Target.Refresh()
        End If
    End Sub

    <Extension()>
    Public Sub SuspendDrawing(ByVal Target As Control)
        SendMessage(Target.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, False, 0)
    End Sub

    <Extension()>
    Public Sub ResumeDrawing(ByVal Target As Control)
        ResumeDrawing(Target, True)
    End Sub
End Module
294
5/22/2018 11:30:29 PM

The following is the same solution of ng5000 but doesn't use P/Invoke.

public static class SuspendUpdate
{
    private const int WM_SETREDRAW = 0x000B;

    public static void Suspend(Control control)
    {
        Message msgSuspendUpdate = Message.Create(control.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, IntPtr.Zero,
            IntPtr.Zero);

        NativeWindow window = NativeWindow.FromHandle(control.Handle);
        window.DefWndProc(ref msgSuspendUpdate);
    }

    public static void Resume(Control control)
    {
        // Create a C "true" boolean as an IntPtr
        IntPtr wparam = new IntPtr(1);
        Message msgResumeUpdate = Message.Create(control.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, wparam,
            IntPtr.Zero);

        NativeWindow window = NativeWindow.FromHandle(control.Handle);
        window.DefWndProc(ref msgResumeUpdate);

        control.Invalidate();
    }
}

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