Capture console exit C#


Question

I have a console application that contains quite a lot of threads. There are threads that monitor certain conditions and terminate the program if they are true. This termination can happen at any time.

I need an event that can be triggered when the program is closing so that I can cleanup all of the other threads and close all file handles and connections properly. I'm not sure if there is one already built into the .NET framework, so I'm asking before I write my own.

I was wondering if there was an event along the lines of:

MyConsoleProgram.OnExit += CleanupBeforeExit;
1
88
1/23/2009 9:36:24 PM

Accepted Answer

I am not sure where I found the code on the web, but I found it now in one of my old projects. This will allow you to do cleanup code in your console, e.g. when it is abruptly closed or due to a shutdown...

[DllImport("Kernel32")]
private static extern bool SetConsoleCtrlHandler(EventHandler handler, bool add);

private delegate bool EventHandler(CtrlType sig);
static EventHandler _handler;

enum CtrlType
{
  CTRL_C_EVENT = 0,
  CTRL_BREAK_EVENT = 1,
  CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT = 2,
  CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT = 5,
  CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT = 6
}

private static bool Handler(CtrlType sig)
{
  switch (sig)
  {
      case CtrlType.CTRL_C_EVENT:
      case CtrlType.CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT:
      case CtrlType.CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT:
      case CtrlType.CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT:
      default:
          return false;
  }
}


static void Main(string[] args)
{
  // Some biolerplate to react to close window event
  _handler += new EventHandler(Handler);
  SetConsoleCtrlHandler(_handler, true);
  ...
}

Update

For those not checking the comments it seems that this particular solution does not work well (or at all) on Windows 7. The following thread talks about this

92
11/23/2016 2:41:02 PM

Full working example, works with ctrl-c, closing the windows with X and kill:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;

namespace TestTrapCtrlC {
    public class Program {
        static bool exitSystem = false;

        #region Trap application termination
        [DllImport("Kernel32")]
        private static extern bool SetConsoleCtrlHandler(EventHandler handler, bool add);

        private delegate bool EventHandler(CtrlType sig);
        static EventHandler _handler;

        enum CtrlType {
            CTRL_C_EVENT = 0,
            CTRL_BREAK_EVENT = 1,
            CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT = 2,
            CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT = 5,
            CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT = 6
        }

        private static bool Handler(CtrlType sig) {
            Console.WriteLine("Exiting system due to external CTRL-C, or process kill, or shutdown");

            //do your cleanup here
            Thread.Sleep(5000); //simulate some cleanup delay

            Console.WriteLine("Cleanup complete");

            //allow main to run off
            exitSystem = true;

            //shutdown right away so there are no lingering threads
            Environment.Exit(-1);

            return true;
        }
        #endregion

        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Some boilerplate to react to close window event, CTRL-C, kill, etc
            _handler += new EventHandler(Handler);
            SetConsoleCtrlHandler(_handler, true);

            //start your multi threaded program here
            Program p = new Program();
            p.Start();

            //hold the console so it doesn’t run off the end
            while (!exitSystem) {
                Thread.Sleep(500);
            }
        }

        public void Start() {
            // start a thread and start doing some processing
            Console.WriteLine("Thread started, processing..");
        }
    }
}

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon