How to post an array of complex objects with JSON, jQuery to ASP.NET MVC Controller?


Question

My current code looks like the following. How can I pass my array to the controller and what kind of parameters must my controller action accept?

function getplaceholders() {
    var placeholders = $('.ui-sortable');
    var result = new Array();
    placeholders.each(function() {
        var ph = $(this).attr('id');
        var sections = $(this).find('.sort');
        var section;

        sections.each(function(i, item) {
            var sid = $(item).attr('id');

            result.push({ 'SectionId': sid, 'Placeholder': ph, 'Position': i });
        });
    });
    alert(result.toString());
    $.post(
        '/portal/Designer.mvc/SaveOrUpdate',
        result,
        function(data) {
            alert(data.Result);
        }, "json");
};

My controller action method looks like

public JsonResult SaveOrUpdate(IList<PageDesignWidget> widgets)
1
92
8/12/2011 12:38:55 PM

Accepted Answer

I've found an solution. I use an solution of Steve Gentile, jQuery and ASP.NET MVC – sending JSON to an Action – Revisited.

My ASP.NET MVC view code looks like:

function getplaceholders() {
        var placeholders = $('.ui-sortable');
        var results = new Array();
        placeholders.each(function() {
            var ph = $(this).attr('id');
            var sections = $(this).find('.sort');
            var section;

            sections.each(function(i, item) {
                var sid = $(item).attr('id');
                var o = { 'SectionId': sid, 'Placeholder': ph, 'Position': i };
                results.push(o);
            });
        });
        var postData = { widgets: results };
        var widgets = results;
        $.ajax({
            url: '/portal/Designer.mvc/SaveOrUpdate',
            type: 'POST',
            dataType: 'json',
            data: $.toJSON(widgets),
            contentType: 'application/json; charset=utf-8',
            success: function(result) {
                alert(result.Result);
            }
        });
    };

and my controller action is decorated with an custom attribute

[JsonFilter(Param = "widgets", JsonDataType = typeof(List<PageDesignWidget>))]
public JsonResult SaveOrUpdate(List<PageDesignWidget> widgets

Code for the custom attribute can be found here (the link is broken now).

Because the link is broken this is the code for the JsonFilterAttribute

public class JsonFilter : ActionFilterAttribute
{
    public string Param { get; set; }
    public Type JsonDataType { get; set; }
    public override void OnActionExecuting(ActionExecutingContext filterContext)
    {
        if (filterContext.HttpContext.Request.ContentType.Contains("application/json"))
        {
            string inputContent;
            using (var sr = new StreamReader(filterContext.HttpContext.Request.InputStream))
            {
                inputContent = sr.ReadToEnd();
            }
            var result = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject(inputContent, JsonDataType);
            filterContext.ActionParameters[Param] = result;
        }
    }
}

JsonConvert.DeserializeObject is from Json.NET

Link: Serializing and Deserializing JSON with Json.NET

84
7/26/2012 5:04:38 AM

Action Filters, jquery stringify, bleh...

Peter, this functionality is native to MVC. That's one of things that makes MVC so great.

$.post('SomeController/Batch', { 'ids': ['1', '2', '3']}, function (r) {
   ...
});

And in the action,

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Batch(string[] ids)
{
}

Works like a charm:

enter image description here

If you're using jQuery 1.4+, then you want to look into setting traditional mode:

jQuery.ajaxSettings.traditional = true;

As described here: http://www.dovetailsoftware.com/blogs/kmiller/archive/2010/02/24/jquery-1-4-breaks-asp-net-mvc-actions-with-array-parameters

This even works for complex objects. If you're interested, you should look into the MVC documentation about Model Binding: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd410405.aspx


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