Declare a Dictionary inside a static class


Question

How to declare a static dictionary object inside a static class? I tried

public static class ErrorCode
{
    public const IDictionary<string, string> ErrorCodeDic = new Dictionary<string, string>()
    {
        { "1", "User name or password problem" }     
    };
}

But the compiler complains that "A const field of a reference type other than string can only be initialized with null".

1
86
2/11/2016 10:23:44 AM

Accepted Answer

If you want to declare the dictionary once and never change it then declare it as readonly:

private static readonly Dictionary<string, string> ErrorCodes
    = new Dictionary<string, string>
{
    { "1", "Error One" },
    { "2", "Error Two" }
};

If you want to dictionary items to be readonly (not just the reference but also the items in the collection) then you will have to create a readonly dictionary class that implements IDictionary.

Check out ReadOnlyCollection for reference.

BTW const can only be used when declaring scalar values inline.

206
11/24/2008 3:30:42 AM

The correct syntax ( as tested in VS 2008 SP1), is this:

public static class ErrorCode
{
    public static IDictionary<string, string> ErrorCodeDic;
     static ErrorCode()
    {
        ErrorCodeDic = new Dictionary<string, string>()
            { {"1", "User name or password problem"} };
    }
}

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