Priority queue in .Net


Question

I am looking for a .NET implementation of a priority queue or heap data structure

Priority queues are data structures that provide more flexibility than simple sorting, because they allow new elements to enter a system at arbitrary intervals. It is much more cost-effective to insert a new job into a priority queue than to re-sort everything on each such arrival.

The basic priority queue supports three primary operations:

  • Insert(Q,x). Given an item x with key k, insert it into the priority queue Q.
  • Find-Minimum(Q). Return a pointer to the item whose key value is smaller than any other key in the priority queue Q.
  • Delete-Minimum(Q). Remove the item from the priority queue Q whose key is minimum

Unless I am looking in the wrong place, there isn't one in the framework. Is anyone aware of a good one, or should I roll my own?

1
209
11/4/2015 3:46:50 PM

Accepted Answer

I like using the OrderedBag and OrderedSet classes in PowerCollections as priority queues.

40
5/27/2019 8:10:39 PM

You might like IntervalHeap from the C5 Generic Collection Library. To quote the user guide

Class IntervalHeap<T> implements interface IPriorityQueue<T> using an interval heap stored as an array of pairs. The FindMin and FindMax operations, and the indexer’s get-accessor, take time O(1). The DeleteMin, DeleteMax, Add and Update operations, and the indexer’s set-accessor, take time O(log n). In contrast to an ordinary priority queue, an interval heap offers both minimum and maximum operations with the same efficiency.

The API is simple enough

> var heap = new C5.IntervalHeap<int>();
> heap.Add(10);
> heap.Add(5);
> heap.FindMin();
5

Install from Nuget https://www.nuget.org/packages/C5 or GitHub https://github.com/sestoft/C5/


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